Then the other matter which I want to remind of is what occurs in the
previous hadeeth, "And they delay the pre-dawn
meal" Meaning: what is required here is the opposite to the case
of the Iftaar. So he, sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam,
commanded us to hasten to perform the Iftaar. But as for
the Suhoor, then it should be delayed. But what happens
today is totally contrary to this, since many people eat their
Suhoor before the appearance of Fajr by perhaps an hour. This
is not befitting. This is contrary to the Sunnah shown by
the saying of the Prophet, sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, and by
his practice. So the Companions of the Prophet, sallallaahu
alaihi wa sallam, used to leave the Suhoor so late, that one
of them would almost hear the Adhaan and he would still be
eating. He delayed the Suhoor.
Indeed there is an authentic hadeeth reported from the Prophet,
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, which shows the ease afforded by
Islaam, which is to be counted as one of the principles of Islaam, which
the Muslims are proud of, especially with regard to the matter of
Fasting, since Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, concluded the aayahs
concerning Fasting with His Saying:
Allaah desires ease for you, and He does not desire to make things
difficult for you.
So from this ease is his, sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam,
saying, "If one of you hears the call to Prayer and the vessel is
in the hand of one of you, then let him not put it down until he fulfils
his need from it."
" If one of you hears the call to Prayer and the vessel"
the vessel containing food, whether it be milk, some drink, water,
anything which a person may take as Suhoor, and he hears the
Adhaan, then he should not say, Now the food is forbidden by the
Adhaan being heard for the person who has had enough of it.
It is not allowed for him to then have any more, whether it be a
drink, or some fruit, when he has had his fill of whatever he was
But as for the one who hears the Adhaan and he has not yet taken
what he needs from the food and the drink, then the Messenger,
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, made that lawful for him. So he clearly
said, in the clear and eloquent Arabic language, "If one of you
hears the call to Prayer, and the vessel is in his hand, then let him
not put it down until he fulfils his need from it."
And what is meant here by the call is the second call, the second
Adhaan. It is not the first Adhaan, which they wrongly
call the Adhaan for withholding (al-Imsaak). We must
know that there is no basis for calling the first Adhaan the
Adhaan for withholding (imsaak).
The second Adhaan is when we are to withhold, and this is
clearly stated in the Quraan, since Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic,
And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn becomes clear to
you from the black thread of the night.
So eating becomes forbidden at the start of the time of the Fajr
Prayer. There is no separation between these two things.
There is no withholding from food and drink for a quarter of an hour, or
less than that, or more than that, before the start of the time for the
Fajr Prayer. Not at all.
Because the Prayer becomes due when the true dawn appears, and food
becomes forbidden for the fasting person when the true dawn appears.
So there is no separation between these two matters at all.
So therefore there occurs in the hadeeth agreed upon by
al-Bukharee and Muslim, from the hadeeth of ¹Abdullaah ibn ¹Umar ibn
al-Khattaab, radiyallaahu ¹anhumaa, that the Prophet,
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, said, "Let not the Adhaan of Bilaal
deceive you " meaning, the first Adhaan, "
because he gives the Adhaan in order to awaken the person who is sleeping,
and so that the person who wishes to eat the pre-dawn meal can do so. So
eat and drink until Ibn Umm Maktoon gives the Adhaan."
Ibn Umm Maktoon, and his name was ¹Amr, he was a blind man, and he was
the one about whom the Saying of Allaah, the Exalted and Most High,
He frowned and turned away, that the blind man came to him
to the end of the Aayahs.
So he used to give the second Adhaan, the Adhaan which
means that eating becomes prohibited, and that it is now time for the