(i) Firstly we delay the Adhaan from its legislated time.
Then after this delay comes another delay, which is that we sit down
for a meal - except for a few people who are eager and pray the
Maghrib Prayer in the mosque. But the majority of the people wait
until they hear the Adhaan, and then they sit down to eat as if
they are having a dinner, or their evening meal, and not just breaking
So the Adhaan these days - in most of the lands of Islaam, is,
unfortunately, I have to say, and not just in Jordan, and I have known
this from investigation, in most of the lands of Islaam - the
Adhaan for Maghrib is given after the time it becomes due.
And the reason for this is that we have abandoned adhering to and
applying the Islamic rulings, and instead we have come to depend upon
astronomical calculations. We depend upon the timetable.
But these time-tables are based upon astronomical calculations which
count the land as being a single flat plane. So they give a time
for this flat plane, whereas the reality is that the land, particularly
in this land of ours varies, varying between the depression of valleys
and the elevation of mountains. So it is not correct that a single
time be given which covers the shore, the planes and the mountains.
No, each part of the land has its own time. So therefore
whoever is able in his place of residence, in his city or his village, to
see the sun set with his own eye, then whatever time it sets at, then
that is the hastening that we have been commanded with in his,
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, saying, which we just mentioned, "My
Ummah will continue to be upon good as long as they hasten to break the
fast." So the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa
sallam, was careful to implement this Sunnah by teaching it, and by
putting it into practice.
As for his teaching, then he, sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam,
said, in the hadeeth reported by al-Bukharee in his Saheeh
(no. 1954), "If the night appears from this side," and
he pointed towards the east ,"and the day has departed from
here," and he pointed towards the west , "and the sun
has setthen the fasting persons fast is broken"
What does, 'the fasting persons fast is broken' mean?
It means he has entered under the ruling that he should break his fast.
So then comes the previous ruling where the Messenger,
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, encouraged hastening to break the Fast, and
the Messenger, sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, used to implement
this, even when he was riding on a journey.
So it is reported in the Saheeh of al-Bukharee (no.1955)
that the Prophet, sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, ordered one of
his Companions to prepare the Iftaar for him. So he replied,
O Messenger of Allaah it is still daytime before us.¹ Meaning:
the light of the sun, so even though it had set, yet its light was still
clear in the west. So the Messenger, sallallaahu alaihi wa
sallam, did not respond to what he had said, rather he re-emphasised
the command to him to prepare the Iftaar. So the narrator
of the hadeeth who said, We could see daylight in front of us,¹
meaning: the light of day, the light of the sun, When we broke our
fast,¹ said, "If one of us had climbed onto his camel he would have
seen the sun." The sun had set from here, and the Messenger,
sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, ordered one of the Companions to
prepare the Iftaar . Why? To hasten upon
good "My Ummah will continue upon good for as long as they hasten to break
So what is important is that we notice that the Iftaar which is
legislated to be hastened must be done with a few dates. Then we
must hasten to perform the Prayer. Then after this the people can
sit and eat as they need.
This is the first matter which I wanted to remind of, and it is how to
reconcile the two matters which the Prophet, sallallaahu alaihi wa
sallam, commanded we should hasten to perform. The first being the
command to hasten the breaking of the Fast, and the second being the
command to hasten to perform the Maghrib Prayer. So the
Iftaar should be done with some dates, as occurs in the
Sunnah, and if dates are not available, then with some gulps of water.
Then the Prayer should pray in congregation in the mosque.