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Concerning Fasting
  Sunnahs Neglected In Ramadaan
Author: Imaam al-Albaani
Source: Silsilah al-Hudaa wan-Noor, Tape No. 590
Article ID : IBD090005  [40442]  
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Question: "Could the Shaikh give us some words of benefit for the blessed month of Ramadaan, on this fine occasion"

Shaikh al-Albaanee, may Allaah have mercy upon him said, "Allaah, the Exalted and Most High, says in the Noble Quraan:

O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may become people having Taqwaa. Soorah al-Baqarah (2):183

So in this aayah, as will not be hidden to all those who are present, Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, informs the Ummah of Muhammad, sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, through this aayah, that He has made Fasting obligatory upon them just as He had made its like obligatory upon the nations before us.  This is a matter that is well-known to all of the Muslims who read this aayah, and clearly understand its meaning.  But what I wish to speak about is something else, a matter which very few of the general people notice-‹and this is the saying of Allaah, the Exalted and Most High, at the end of this aayah:

So that you may become people having Taqwaa.

So Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, when He commands His believing servants, or obligates them with some Legislation, (then He) usually just mentions the command, without explaining the wisdom for it.  This is because the general wisdom behind Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic¹s, placing duties upon His servants is that He should test them by it, so that it should become apparent (as to) those who will obey Him and those who will disobey Him, the Exalted and Most High.

However in this aayah, He mentioned something that is not found frequently in the Noble Quraan, which is that He mentioned the reason for the order to Fast, by His Saying:

So that you may become people of Taqwaa.

So the wisdom behind the Believers to fast is not just that they should prevent themselves from enjoyable and permissible and good things, even though this is an obligation upon the fasting person - but this is not the only thing that is required and intended by this Fasting.  So Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, concluded His command to fast by His Saying:

So that you may become people of Taqwaa.

Meaning: that the wisdom behind the prescription of Fasting is that the Muslim should increase in obedience to Allaah, the Exalted and Most High, in the month of Fasting, and become more obedient than he was before it.

Then the Prophet, sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, clearly stated and completely clarified this point of divine wisdom, by his, sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, saying, as is reported in the Saheeh of al-Bukhaaree (no. 1903), that he sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, said, "Whoever does not abandon falsehood in speech and action, then Allaah has no need that he should leave his food and drink."  Meaning: that Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, did not intend and desire, by the obligation of Fasting - which is to withhold for a stated time, well known to you all - that they should only withhold from eating and drinking.  Rather they should also withhold from that which Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, has forbidden with regard to sins and acts of disobedience to Him; and from that is falsehood in speech and action.

So the Messanger, sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, is emphasizing the aayah:

So that you may become people of Taqwaa.

i.e. that you should, as an act of worship to draw you closer to Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, in addition to withholding from food and drink, also withhold from forbidden actions such as backbiting, carrying tales to cause harm to people, false witness, lying and so on, with regard to those forbidden manners that we are all aware of.

Therefore it is obligatory that all the Muslims should be aware that actions which disrupt the Fast are not just the physical acts, which are generally known, which are eating, drinking and sexual intercourse.  The Fast is not just that you withhold from this.  Therefore some of the scholars differentiate, and divide those things which disrupt the Fast into two categories, and this is what I intend by this talk of mine at this time that is blessed, if Allaah wills.  

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