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  Innovation in Light of the Perfection of the Shari'ah
Author: Shaikh Muhammad bin Saalih al-Uthaimeen
Source: Eng. Trans. By Abu 'Iyad as-Salafi
Article ID : BDH020003  [27186]  
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Perhaps someone may say: "Where can we find the number of the five prayers in the Qur'aan? And the number of (rakahs) for every prayer in the Qur'aan. And how can it be correct if we cannot find in the Qur'aan a description of the number of rakahs in every prayer while Allaah says:

And We have revealed to you the Book, as a clarification and explanation for every single matter

The answer is that Allaah the Exalted has made it clear to us in His Book that it is obligatory upon us to take whatever the Messenger of Allaah has said and whatever he has directed us to. The Exalted said:

Whoever obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allaah

And whatever the Messenger gives to you take it and whatever he forbids you from then refrain from it.

Whatever the Sunnah explains then the Qur'aan has (by default) indicated and directed to it because the Sunnah is one of the two types of revelation which Allaah revealed to His messenger and taught him, just as Allaah has said:

And Allaah has revealed to you the Book and the Wisdom.

Therefore, based upon this is that whatever comes in the Sunnah has also came in the Book of Allaah Azzawajall.

My brothers, now that this matter has been settled, did the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) die while something from the religion which draws one closer to Allaah the Exalted remained which he did not explain?

Never! since the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) explained the whole of the religion either by his speech, his action or his (silent) approval, whether that was initiated of his own accord or whether it was due to a response to a question. Sometimes Allaah would send a bedouin from the furthest region of the desert in order to ask the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) a thing from among the matters of the religion which the Companions, who stuck by the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) did not ask him. This is why they used to rejoice when a bedouin would come and ask the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) about certain affairs.

That the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) did not leave anything which the people are in need of in their worship, their dealings with one another and their livelihood without having explained it is proven to you by His speech, the Exalted:

This day have I perfected for you your religion and have completed My favour upon you and have chosen for you Islaam as a religion

When this matter has been explained - O muslim - know that every one who innovates something in the religion of Allaah even if it is with a good intention, then his innovation, along with it being misguidance, will be considered a defamation of the religion of Allaah Azzawajall and will be considered a denial and rejection of Allaah the Exalted in His speech:

This day have I perfected for you your religion

Since this innovator who innovated a matter into the religion of Allaah which is not from the religion of Allaah is saying silently that the religion has not been completed because this matter which was left out, and which he innovated, can be used to draw closer to Allaah Azzawajall.

It is amazing that a person will innovate something related to Allaah's Essence, His Name's and Attributes and then say that in doing so he is exalting and magnifying his Lord, that he is freeing his Lord from any imperfections and faults and that he is obeying His speech the Exalted:

So do not set up equals or partners to Allaah

You will be amazed by this person. He makes this innovation in the religion of Allaah which is related to Allaah's Essence, and which the Salaf from this Ummah were not upon and nor its leaders, and then says that he is freeing Allaah from defects, magnifying Him and is giving obedience to His speech, the Exalted:

So do not set up equals or partners to Allaah

and that whoever disagrees with that is someone who makes resemblances for Allaah and likens Him to His creation.

Just like you will be amazed by a people who innovate in the religion of Allaah something which is related to the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and which does not belong to the religion of Allaah. Then they call out and claim by this innovation that they are lovers of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) , that they are exalting the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) . And that whoever does not agree with them in this innovation of theirs is a hater of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and other such bad names which they give to whoever does not agree with them in their innovation.

It is amazing also that the likes of such people say 'We are the ones who exalt and magnify Allaah and His Messenger. In reality when they innovate into the religion of Allaah and His Sharee'ah which the His Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) came with something which does not belong to it they are without a doubt putting themselves ahead of Allaah and His Messenger. Allaah Azzawajall has said:


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