3. This is illustrated in a hadith recorded by Imam
Muslim in his Sahih, in which it is related on the authority of Abu Dharr that the Prophet
Muhammad said, "You will
receive the reward for sadaqa even when you have sexual intercourse with your wives."
The sahaba said, "Will we really be rewarded for satisfying our physical
desires?" He replied, "If you have haram intercourse, you will be committing a
sin; similarly, if you have halal intercourse, you will be rewarded." Imam an-Nawawi said,
"This hadith clearly shows that permissible actions become acts of
obedience if there is a good intentino behind them; sexual intercourse becomes
an act of worship if it is accompanied by any one of the following good
intentions: keeping company with your wife in kindness, as Allah ta'Ala has
commanded; hoping to hate, as a result of intercourse, good and righteous
offsping; guarding your chastity and that of your wife; helping to prevent haram
lustful glances or thoughts, or haram intercourse; and any other good
4. Tahdhib al'Asma' li-Nawawi,
1/173. Abu Ishaq ash-Shirazi once entered the mosque to have something to eat,
as was his custom, and then realised that he had dropped a dinar. He retraced
his steps and found it lying on the ground, but then left it where it was,
saying, "Perhaps it is not mine; perhaps it belongs to somebody else."
5. Sahih, Ja'mi 'l-'Ulum
wa'l-Hikam, p. 19.
6. Al-Bukhari and Muslim.
7. Muslim, 21/17.
8. Muslim, Kitab at-Tahara, 3/99.