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Deviated Sects SINGLE PAGE

The Ash`arees
  The Creed of Abu Hasan al-Ash'aree
Author: Abu Hasan al-Ash`aree
Source: Al-Ibaanah An usool Ad Diyaanah (prepared by Mustafa al-Mansour)
Article ID : AQD060002  [34467]  
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and that Allaah has power to do what is salutary for the infidels and be gracious to them, that they may become believers, nevertheless He wills that they be infidels, as He knows; and that He forsakes them and seals up their hearts;

and that good and evil are dependant upon the general and the particular decrees of Allah, His sweet and His bitter; and we know that what passes us by was not to befall us, and what befalls us was not to pass us by;

and that human beings do not control for themselves what is hurtful or what is helpful, except what Allaah wishes;

and that we ought to commit our affairs to Allaah and assert our complete need of and dependence upon Him.

We believe, too, that the Qur`an is the uncreated word of Allaah, and that he who believes that the Qur`an is created is an infidel.

We hold that Allaah will be seen in the next world by sight (as the moon is seen on the night it is full, so shall the faithful see Him, as we are told in the traditions that come down on the authority of Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam);

and we believe that the infidels will be veiled from Him when the faithful see Him in Paradise (as Allaah has said, "Yea, they shall be shut out as by a veil from their Lord on that day" - [83:15],

and that Musa asked Allaah for the sight of Him ion this world, and "Allaah manifested Himself to the mountain" and "turned it to dust," - [7:139], and taught Musa by it that he should not see Him in this world.

It is our opinion that we ought not to declare a single one of the people of the Qibla an infidel for a sin of which he is guilty, such as fornication or theft or the drinking of wine, as the Kharijites hold, thinking that such people are infidels;

but we believe that he who commits any these mortal sins, such as fornication or theft or the like presumptuously declaring it lawful and not acknowledging that is forbidden is an infidel.

We believe that Islam is more extensive than faith, and that faith is not the whole of Islam.

We hold that Allaah changes men's hearts, and that their hearts are between two of Allaah's fingers, and that Allaah will place the heavens on a finger and the earth on a finger, as we are told in the tradition that comes down on the authority of Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam).

We hold that we ought not to relegate any of the Monotheists, or those who hold fast to the faith, to Paradise or to Hell, save him in whose favour the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) of Allaah has borne witness concerning Paradise;

and we hope that sinners will attain to Paradise, but we fear that they will be punished in Hell.

We believe that Allaah, by the intercession of Muhammad, Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam), will bring forth a people from Hell after they have been burned to ashes, in accordance with what we are told in the traditions related on the authority of Allaah's messenger.

We believe in the punishment of the grave, and the Pool, and hold that the Scales are real, and the Bridge is real, and the resurrection after death is real, and that Allaah will line up human beings at the Station, and settle the account with the faithful.

We believe that faith consists of words and deeds, and is subject to increase and decrease;

and we receive the authentic traditions regarding it related on the authority of the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) of Allaah, which the trustworthy have transmitted, one just man from another, until the tradition goes back to the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) of Allaah,

we believe in affection towards our forebears in faith, whom Allaah chose for the company of His Prophet, we praise them with the praise wherewith Allaah praised them, and are attached to them all.

We believe that the excellent Imaam, after the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) of Allaah, is Abu Bakr the Veracious, and that Allaah strengthened the Religion by him and gave him success against the renegades,

and the Muslims promoted him to the imamate just as the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) of Allaah made him leader of prayer, and they all named him the caliph of Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam);

then after him came `Umar Ibn Al-Kattab; then Uthmaan bin Affaan (those who fought with him wrongfully and unrighteously); then `Ali Ibn Abi taalib; wherefore these are the Imaams after the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) of Allaah, and their caliphate is a caliphate of Prophecy.

We bear witness concerning Paradise in favour of the ten in whose favour the Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) of Allaah bore witness to it, and we are attached to all the Companions of the Prophet, and avoid what was disputed among them.

We hold that the four Imaam are orthodox, divinely guided, excellent caliphs, unmatched by others in excellence.


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