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The Foundations of the Call to Allaah
  Excerpt from "The Methodology of the Prophets"
Author: Shaikh Rabee' bin Hadee al-Madkhalee
Source: Manhaj ul-Anbiyaah fi ad-Dawah ilal-Laah (Eng. Trans.Dawud Burbank)
Article ID : DAW020001  [23224]  
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Indeed on top of all this he firmly implanted the Islamic principle that positions of authority are prohibited for those who earnestly desire and crave after them. From Aboo Moosaa al- Ash'aree, radiyallaahu 'anhu, who said, 'I entered upon the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) along with two men from the sons of my uncle, so one of the two men said, '0 Messenger of Allaah! Appoint us to take pledge of one of the lands which Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, has given you authority over.' The other man also said the same. So he (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said. 'We do not appoint to that position anyone who asks for it. nor anyone who is keen to have it.' In a wording of Muslim there occurs, 'What do you say, 0 Aboo Moosaa. or 'Abdullaah ibn pays?' He said, 'So I said, 'By Him Who sent you with the truth, they did not disclose to me what they had in their minds, nor was I aware that they were going to seek this appointment.' He said, 'And it is as if I can still see his (i.e., the Prophets (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) ) tooth-stick between his lips.' So he said, 'We shall not, or. do not appoint to authority in this affair of ours of ours anyone who desires it. Rather you go, 0 Aboo Moosaa.' So he sent him to Yemen, and then sent Mu'adh in addition to him.' And in the version of an-Nasaaee there occurs, 'We do not seek the assistance in this affairs of ours of those who request itÂ’ and al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said, 'al-Muallib said, 'Desire for leadership is the cause for peoples fighting each other for it to the point that they shed blood and make wealth and private parts lawful. and therefore great corruption results in the land. Then the reason for regret is that he may be killed, deposed or die and then regret having entered into it in the first place. Since he will be held to account for the evils he has committed and that which he craved for will be lost to him as soon as he leaves it. He said, 'And an exception of this is the case of one who has to take it on due to the fact that the ruler dies and no one else is to be found to take over but him, and if he does not take over then this will cause corruption and chaos.' But leadership and the office of judge are matters which are essential, and vital to the life of the Muslims, and necessary for the protection of blood and wealth.

However it is obligatory that in choosing the governors and the judges that we follow the methodology of Allah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) , so these positions are not to be given to those who ask for them, or desire for them, or put themselves forward, in elections for example, since this pertains to desiring these positions.

Rather the ones to be chosen are those who are suitable in knowledge, absence of desire for such a position and piety. Then we must also benefit from this Prophetic methodology in our education and training. So we should not bring up the youth to have love for leadership, authority and position. If we bring them up upon love of these things, then we have acted contrary to the way and guidance of Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and love led the youth to that which will only destroy them. Then what success can we expect in this world or the Hereafter if we act contrary to the methodology of Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) '!

Meaning: And the Hypocrites say, 'We believe in Allaah and His Messenger, and are obedient to Allaah and His Messenger. Then they turn away from Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) to others for judgement, and they are not Believers. And if they are called to the Book of Allaah and to His Messenger for judgement about that which they dispute in, then a group of them turn away from acceptance of the truth.

So in what has preceded we have come to know the methodology of the Prophets in calling to Tawheed and in fighting against Shirk and its manifestations and causes, and that it is a methodology built upon intellect, wisdom and the true sad inborn nature. We have also come to know the proofs for this both the general proofs and the proofs in detail, from the Book and the Sunnah, and from the intellectual angle. So now we ask. 'Is it permissible for those who call to Allah, in any time. to turn away from the methodology of the Prophets in calling to Allaah? The answer; In the light of what has preceded and what will come, is that it is not permissible in the Sharee'ah nor intellectually that anyone should turn away from these methodology and prefer a different way.

Firstly, This is the straight and upright way which Allaah laid down for all the Prophets, from the first to the last of them. And Allaah, who laid down this methodology, is the Creator of mankind, and the One Who knows everything about human nature, and knows what is most beneficial for their souls and their hearts:

Meaning: "How can He Who created not know when He is the One Who knows the innermost secret of the His servants and is fully aware of them and their actions.' "


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