Indeed on top of all this he firmly implanted the
Islamic principle that positions of authority are prohibited for those who
earnestly desire and crave after them. From Aboo Moosaa al- Ash'aree,
radiyallaahu 'anhu, who said, 'I entered upon the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) along with two
men from the sons of my uncle, so one of the two men said, '0 Messenger of
Allaah! Appoint us to take pledge of one of the lands which Allaah, the Mighty
and Majestic, has given you authority over.' The other man also said the same.
So he (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said. 'We do not appoint to that position anyone who asks for it.
nor anyone who is keen to have it.' In a wording of Muslim there occurs, 'What
do you say, 0 Aboo Moosaa. or 'Abdullaah ibn pays?' He said, 'So I said, 'By Him
Who sent you with the truth, they did not disclose to me what they had in their
minds, nor was I aware that they were going to seek this appointment.' He said,
'And it is as if I can still see his (i.e., the Prophets (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) ) tooth-stick
between his lips.' So he said, 'We shall not, or. do not appoint to authority in
this affair of ours of ours anyone who desires it. Rather you go, 0 Aboo
Moosaa.' So he sent him to Yemen, and then sent Mu'adh in addition to him.' And
in the version of an-Nasaaee there occurs, 'We do not seek the assistance in
this affairs of ours of those who request it and al-Haafiz ibn Hajar
said, 'al-Muallib said, 'Desire for leadership is the cause for peoples fighting
each other for it to the point that they shed blood and make wealth and private
parts lawful. and therefore great corruption results in the land. Then the
reason for regret is that he may be killed, deposed or die and then regret
having entered into it in the first place. Since he will be held to account for
the evils he has committed and that which he craved for will be lost to him as
soon as he leaves it. He said, 'And an exception of this is the case of one who
has to take it on due to the fact that the ruler dies and no one else is to be
found to take over but him, and if he does not take over then this will cause
corruption and chaos.' But leadership and the office of judge are matters which
are essential, and vital to the life of the Muslims, and necessary for the
protection of blood and wealth.
However it is obligatory that in choosing the governors
and the judges that we follow the methodology of Allah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) , so
these positions are not to be given to those who ask for them, or desire for
them, or put themselves forward, in elections for example, since this pertains
to desiring these positions.
Rather the ones to be chosen are those who are suitable
in knowledge, absence of desire for such a position and piety. Then we must also
benefit from this Prophetic methodology in our education and training. So we
should not bring up the youth to have love for leadership, authority and
position. If we bring them up upon love of these things, then we have acted
contrary to the way and guidance of Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and love led the
youth to that which will only destroy them. Then what success can we expect in
this world or the Hereafter if we act contrary to the methodology of Allaah's
Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) '!
Meaning: And the Hypocrites say, 'We believe in
Allaah and His Messenger, and are obedient to Allaah and His Messenger. Then they turn
away from Allaah's Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) to others for judgement, and they are not Believers.
And if they are called to the Book of Allaah and to His Messenger for judgement about that
which they dispute in, then a group of them turn away from acceptance of the truth.
So in what has preceded we have come to know the
methodology of the Prophets in calling to Tawheed and in fighting against Shirk
and its manifestations and causes, and that it is a methodology built upon
intellect, wisdom and the true sad inborn nature. We have also come to know the
proofs for this both the general proofs and the proofs in detail, from the Book
and the Sunnah, and from the intellectual angle. So now we ask. 'Is it
permissible for those who call to Allah, in any time. to turn away from the
methodology of the Prophets in calling to Allaah? The answer; In the light of
what has preceded and what will come, is that it is not permissible in the
Sharee'ah nor intellectually that anyone should turn away from these methodology
and prefer a different way.
Firstly, This is the
straight and upright way which Allaah laid down for all the Prophets, from the
first to the last of them. And Allaah, who laid down this methodology, is the
Creator of mankind, and the One Who knows everything about human nature, and
knows what is most beneficial for their souls and their hearts:
Meaning: "How can He Who created not know
when He is the One Who knows the innermost secret of the His servants and is fully aware
of them and their actions.' "