In this Hadith, the Prophet (peace be upon him) put forth two conditions for
the protection of wealth and. blood : pronouncing (There is no god but Allah)
and rejecting deities. The mere utterance of words is not enough, but it has to
be substantiated by acting upon it. Pronouncement of (There is no god but Allah)
will lead the believer to enter Paradise and be rescued from the fires of hell
provided that all conditions of faith have been fulfilled and he has not acted
in contradiction to them. AI-Hassan ( Allah's mercy be upon him ) was told that
people who pronounced (There is no god but Allah) will enter Paradise. He said,
whoever uttered: (There is no god Allah), and fulfilled its conditions, will
enter Paradise. Wahb ibn Munabbih was asked Is "(There is no god but Allah)
the key to Paradise?" He replied, "Yes indeed it is, but every key has
teeth. So, if you bring the key with its teeth, Paradise will be opened for you;
otherwise, it will not." Thus, we understand that the mere utterance of:
(There is no god but Allah) is not enough to enter Paradise, particularly when
we act contrarily by invoking the dead pious men or saints for instance, and
failing to reject deities other than Allah the Almighty.
FOURTH : Pagans also claimed that no idolatry will take place among the
people of Muhammad (peace be upon him) as long as they say 'There is no god but
Allah and Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah", and what they do in connection
to the cult of the saints is not idolatry. First of all, it is wrong to assume
that no idolatry will take place among the people of Muhammad. The Prophet
(peace be upon him) said that similarities to Jews and Christians will appear in
the deeds of his people. We know that they have also adored their popes and
monks the same as deities. The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said,
"You will follow the ways of those who passed before you exactly in the
same manner. Even if they enter the hole of a lizard, you will also enter
it." They (his companions) said: "O, Messenger of Allah, do you mean
Jews and Christians ?" He said, "Then, who else?" (60)
So the Prophet PBUH has informed us that among his people will be those who
follow the previous people in their dogmas, manners and general characteristics.
As idolatry was present in previous nations, it will also be found among people
today. This has already happened, for we still hear of people adoring graves of
pious men and saints in different manners and sacrifices are offered to them.
The Prophet PBUH had also warned us that the Day of Resurrection would not come
until a group from among his people joined idolaters and worshipped deities.
Today, a number of false groups and destructive ideologies have emerged and
led people out of the bounds of Islam.
FIFTH : They also argue on the basis of a Hadith which says, 'Certainly
Satan has despaired from being adored by prayer holders in the Arabian
Peninsula." Though the Hadith is sound, drawing a conclusion that idolatry
would be impossible in the Arabian Peninsula would be incorrect. Ibn Rajab
(Allah's mercy be upon him) said : "It means that Satan has despaired from
the entire people falling into idolatry." The same interpretation has been
given by Ibn Kathir in the meaning of the following Quranic verse : Today, the
unbelievers have despaired at averting you from your religion."
Grammatically, the Arabic verb for despair is in a transitive form which, in
Arabic, demonstrates that Satan's despairing isa result of his own assumption,
based on incorrect knowledge. Moreover, such an interpretation is contradicting
the previously mentioned Prophetic traditions and also it is in contradiction in
reality because we know that many Arabs turned away from Islam just after the
death of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
SIXTH : Regarding the pagans' attachment to the issue of intercession, such
claimers say, "We do not want virtuous people and saints to provide for our
needs, but we want them to intercede with Allah for us because they are pious
people and they have an honourable status with Allah the Almighty. Such people
add that intercession is proven by a verse in the Holy Quran and the Prophetic
traditions. In fact, this is the same argument presented earlier by the pagans
in trying to justify their adherence to their deities. About them, Allah the
Almighty has said in the Holy Quran "Those who take as protectors other
than Allah, say we only serve them in order that they may bring us nearer to
Furthermore, the Holy Quran has discussed the situation of such claimers as
in the verse "They serve, besides Allah, things that neither hurt them
nor profit them. And they say : these are our intercessors with Allah."