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The Methodology of the Salaf Concerning Ijtihad and Taqlid
  Guidelines Concerning Taqlid and Madhhabs
Source: Various
Article ID : MNJ060008  [19225]  
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Shaykh Muhammad ’Eed ’Abbaasee, hafidhahullaah, said:

"Our view is that it is upon every Muslim to follow that which Allaah, the Most Perfect, commanded in His Book and in the Sunnah of His Messenger sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam. This is the purity of Islaam and the true reality of faith. No Muslim can ever be displeased with following what comes from Allaah and His Messenger; as He, the Most Perfect, said:

"The only saying of the Believers, when they are called to Allaah and His Messenger sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam to judge between them, is: We hear and we obey. They are the ones that are successful. " [Soorah an-Noor 24:51].

And Allaah said concerning the Hypocrites:

"And when it is said to them: Come to what Allaah has revealed and to the Messenger; you see the Hypocrites turn away from you in aversion. " [Soorah an-Nisaa 4:61].

As well as other Verses like this.

So following the Book and the Sunnah is obligatory, and it should be made the fundamental goal for every Muslim; this is the path that should be traversed. However, the people are of differing types with regards to understanding and comprehension. So from them is the ignorant one (jaahil) who does not understand the meanings of the Glorious Book and the noble hadeeth; nor does he have the ability to deduce [rulings] from them; nor can he comprehend what is sought from them. From them is the scholar who has understanding (fiqh) of the Verses and the hadeeth and is aware of what rulings can be deduced from them; he has the ability to deal with the apparent differences between them; and he understands the Arabic language and its ways. And from them are those that are [at a level] between this. They are not ignorant; nor do they have the understanding to derive rulings; nor do they have the ability to understand what is being indicated to by the text; rather, they have some knowledge, awareness, understanding and contemplation. However, they do not reach the level of the scholar and the one who has penetrating insight of the Book and the Sunnah. So these are the levels of the people; and between them there are many varying grades. The scholars call the first type of people muqallidoon, the second type are technically referred to as mujtahidoon, and the third type are technically referred to as muttabi’oon."

Many scholars, however, refer to only two catagories; the mujtahid and the muqallid. And just as the mujtahidoon vary in their levels, then so do the muqallidoon; some being closer to being muttabi’oon than others.


From the greatest of the scholars of this Ummah are the four Imaams; Abu Haneefah, Maalik ash-Shaafi’ee and Ahmad bin Hanbal, rahimahumullaah.

Ibn ’Abdul-Haadee, rahimahullaah, said:

"Allaah, the Exalted, is the One who selects from His creation. He creates and selects whatever He wills. So He selected Aadam and his progeny from all of the worlds. He selected from them Prophets and Messengers. And He selected from them [the Prophet sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam]; the leader of all the children of Aadaam. He then selected for him his Companions; giving them excellence over the rest of the Believers. He selected them to be the inheritors and successors, making them the best of the followers. He raised from amongst them a people whom none equalled in the worlds. From them were the four Imaams, the Imaams of Islaam; beacons for mankind; whose verdicts and sayings are famous in all the world. He made their scholarship something that the people have agreed upon. Their remembrence is widespread in the [various] cities and countries, and their knowledge shines brightly in the various provinces."


Shaykh Muhammad ’Eed ’Abbaasee said:

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